ATOS – Your knee specialist in Germany

In the ATOS clinics you can rely on the expertise of our highly specialised and renowned physicians, who are among the best knee specialists in Germany.

The knee is the largest joint of the human body – and is very complicated and prone to injury. This complex part of the body is composed of the femur, the tibial head and the kneecap. The inner and outer meniscus are located between the upper and lower leg bones, while the knee joint is surrounded by a capsule. This produces the synovial fluid which is like the lubricant for joints. The stability of the knee is ensured by the anterior and posterior cruciate ligaments and the equally important inner and outer ligaments located on the inside and outside of the knee. To prevent the individual joints from rubbing against each other painfully, the cartilage forms a protective elastic layer between the bones.

There are many other causes of knee problems – and many therapeutic and surgical options

Most commonly, knee injuries are due to cruciate ligament and meniscus tears. A meniscal tear often manifests itself in acute pain, swelling, and blockage of the knee joint. A tear of the meniscus can either be due to signs of wear or trauma, for example a sports injury. Although meniscal tears can occasionally be treated conservatively at first, meniscus surgery is usually necessary. As a rule, this is done arthroscopically, i.e. minimally invasive.

The anterior or posterior cruciate ligament often ruptures due to large force, or over-rotation or extension of the knee joint. When this has occurred, treatment is absolutely necessary – on the one hand to restore full mobility, and on the other hand to prevent long-term problems such as knee osteoarthritis (gonarthrosis). There are approaches to conservative treatment of cruciate ligament damage, but in most cases, cruciate ligament surgery is recommended. Like meniscus surgery, the surgical treatment of the cruciate ligament is usually arthroscopic.

In addition, there are many other possible knee injuries, such as a tear of the inner ligament, cartilage damage and gonarthrosis as mentioned above. Implantation of an artificial knee joint (knee TEP) is usually the last solution here. Knee endoprosthesis of this kind can restore painless mobility.